Category Archives: Authors

REVIEW – Dance of the Banished by Marsha Forchuk Skrypuch

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Dance of the Banished is an evocative title suggesting a novel about exile, punishment, and isolation. But it is also a love story about two Alevi Kurd young people separated by war, and isolated from their culture. Divided by an ocean, Ali and Zeynep long to be together. Their dreams are similar to those of any young couple. They desire the freedom to make a safe home for themselves, and to practice their religion, and honour their culture without fear of persecution.

Meticulously researched and sensitively written by award-winning author Marsha Forchuk Skrypuch, Ali and Zeynep take us on their journey that begins in the months prior to World War 1.

In 1913 Anatolia, a young couple, Ali and Zeynep, dream of building a new life in Canada together. But when Ali suddenly finds passage to Canada for his brother and himself, he must leave his fiancée, Zeynep, behind. He promises to send for her when he has earned enough money for her passage. Zeynep, angry at being left behind, tells Ali she refuses to wait for him, but before he leaves, she gives him an evil eye necklace for protection. Ali presents Zeynep a journal to write in, encouraging her to record her life and thoughts until they can be together again. He has a matching journal, and promises to do the same.

It is through the diaries of Ali and Zeynep that the story is told. Through their writing in their journals, each tells the other about their experiences and thoughts.

Through Zeynep’s journal, we learn about her frustration and disappointment when Ali breaks his promise and leaves her behind. And to make matters worse, she suspects Ali’s mother orchestrated his sudden departure. But Zeynep refuses to give up her dream of finding better opportunities, and follows visiting Christian missionaries to a nearby city in hopes of improving her life and obtaining an education. Zeynep’s observations about Western customs give us insight into the Alevi culture. For example, she puzzles that the house has many rooms, and separate rooms for people to sleep in and that one room is used for eating only when company come to visit. Zeynep quickly becomes accustomed to her new surroundings, and helps the missionaries at the hospital.

Soon, Europe is on the brink of World War 1, and the Ottoman Army marches through village after village in Anatolia, leaving behind destruction and death. Zeynep is horrified when the Young Turks start to kill people who are non-Turks, specifically the Alevis and the Armenians. Young men are forced into the army, and non-compliance with conscription means death. Zeynep realizes that Ali is safer in Canada. Alevis and Armenians fear for their lives, and escape into the mountains enduring cold and thirst and starvation.

With the encouragement of the American consul, Leslie Davis, she becomes an important eyewitness to these events since she is a non-Christian. He encourages Zeynep to continue to write in Zaza, and even provides her with special thick paper, and a selection of pens.

On the other side of the ocean, Canada is at war with the Ottoman Empire, Germany and Austria. Ali has found a job in Brantford, Ontario, but when World War I erupts, all foreigners are let go for “patriotic reasons.” Ali futilely tries to explain that he is an Alevi Kurd, and no friend of the Turks. But everyone assumes because he is from Turkey, he is a Turk. Ali and his brother are sent away to Kapuskasing, Ontario to work in a internment camp cutting down trees, an act which causes Ali much grief since felling trees is forbidden in the Alevi religion.

In their separate journals, Zeynep and Ali both express a desire to dance the semah with each other again. We feel their longing to perform the ritual Alevi dance-prayer which is danced by six couples, both men and women, side by side. Ali pictures Zeynep’s red head scarf swirling, and Zeynep yearns to be with Ali again. The memory of their last dance together sustains them both as they ponder their choices in virtually hopeless situations. 

Through the diaries of Ali and Zeynep, we experience the horrors of war, the injustice of exile, and their love for each other and their culture. They seek a better life, but are thwarted by the outbreak of war, and circumstances where they are forced to fight for their lives, their love, and their culture. How will Zeynep get to Canada when it is at war with Turkey?

The dedication for Dance of the Banished reads “For the forgotten ones.” In her nineteenth book, Marsha Forchuk Skrypuch again gives a revealing and compassionate voice to an under-represented group of people, and shines a light on little-known events in history. Writing about historical injustices for young adults requires a solid grip of the events, sensitivity, and the ability to juggle multiple perspectives in order to create a compelling story that not only keeps us turning the pages, but also brings forward truths that may have been forgotten or buried. Dance of the Banished enlightens us about the plight of the Alevi Kurds during World War 1, saddens us as we find out about the massacre of the Armenians, and maybe even embarrasses us as we discover how “foreigners” were treated in Ontario. Her characters are human, and multifaceted, and make us think about how we would react in times of great stress if our homeland, families, or loved ones were in danger. The answers are never easy, and Marsha does not shy away from difficult and heart-wrenching choices.

Marsha has received numerous awards and honours for her picture books and young adult novels, including a nomination for the Canadian Library Association Book of the Year in 2007. Marsha has penned the bestselling Dear Canada book, Prisoners in the Promised Land. She has written about the Ukrainian Holodomyr, the Armenian genocide, and the Vietnamese war orphans (One Step at a Time, The Last Airlift). Her most recent books are about Ukrainians in World War II (Underground Soldier, Making Bombs for Hitler, Stolen Child). 

Recommended for ages 12 and up.

Visit Marsha at www.calla2.com for a complete list of her books and her blog.  

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Book Signing in Sarasota

Some authors don’t like book signings in bookstores. There have been reported cases of an author assigned a table by the entrance, their books plunked on that table, and the author then waits with pen in hand – ready to sign books for the crowd. And waits. And waits.

Fortunately, that didn’t happen to me in Sarasota due to the efforts of Monika – organizer and Estonian extraordinaire.

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It was my first book signing in the USA, and Donna, from Barnes and Noble, was fantastic. It was a pleasure to meet a book lover who is involved in the community, and engaged with schools, librarians, and teachers.

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I was delighted to meet the small, but enthusiastic group of Estonians. Given the events in Crimea – the establishment of military presence, a vote to join Russia, and the inability of the West to intervene – all very familiar events to the Baltic countries  – it was timely to talk about The Darkest Corner of the WorldIn turn, some of the audience shared their stories and experiences of the war, and their thoughts about the current situation in Ukraine. 

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Thanks everyone! It was great to meet you!

And being in Florida, the sunset was pretty spectacular as well.

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Who writes about Stalin and communism for kids?

Like most of you, I’ve been watching the Olympic coverage from Sochi. Along with the commentary about the Olympic athletes, I’ve also heard snippets of history – some of it accurate, some of it not. One particular comment from an NBC commentator who referred to decades of Soviet communism as a “pivotal experiment” astounded me. 

We know about Hitler and the horrors of the Holocaust.

But what about Stalin and his crimes against humanity? He ruled the Soviet Union for thirty brutal and bloody years. Where are the stories about the millions of people who died during his rule and World War II? Where are the stories about life behind the Iron Curtain?

Stalin said, “No people. No problem.”

No people means no stories. No memories. 

Winston Churchill said, “History is written by the victors.” For most of the twentieth century, the Soviet Union was the “winner.” For five decades the Iron Curtain limited communication between the West and the Eastern Bloc countries. Letters were censored, and people were afraid to tell their stories.

As the child of immigrant parents from Estonia, I grew up hearing about arrests, deportations, imprisonments in labour camps, and other grim events. At that time, there was virtually nothing written about these events. So many years later, I wrote the book I wanted to read as a teenager (The Darkest Corner of the World), and continue to write about little-known events.

I was curious to find out how many other Canadian authors write about Stalin and communism in the former Soviet Union for a younger audience. (The former USSR included Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrquyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan)

I polled authors from CANSCAIP and SCBWI Canada East and Canada West.

Not many. Far too few. There are still so many stories to tell.

Here is the list of Canadian Kidlit authors, and their books set in the former USSR countries, as well as books about Russian history. If you know of any books I’ve missed, I’d love to add them to the list.

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Marsha Skrypuch is a Ukrainian Canadian children’s writer who has received numerous awards and honours for her books. Her most recent novel is Underground Soldier. Luka escapes a Nazi slave camp only to be caught amidst the Nazi and Soviet front. He joins Ukrainian resistance fighters and mounts raids on both oppressive regimes.

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Heather Kirk is a Canadian author who writes about Poland for young people and adults. Her most recent book is a non-fiction account of the Polish nonviolent resistance movement, Solidarity. The book is titled Be Not Afraid: The Polish (R)evolution, “Solidarity.”

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Graffiti Knight by Karen BassIn spite of the scars World War Two has left on his hometown, Leipzig, and in spite of the oppressive new Soviet regime, Wilm is finding his own voice.

The Secret of the Village Fool by Rebecca Upjohn. (picture book) When the Nazis arrive in the sleepy little village of Zborów in Poland and begin rounding up Jews, what will Milek, his brother Munio and their parents do?

Just Call Me Joe by Frieda Wishinsky. The year is 1909 and Joseph has just immigrated to the United States from Russia.

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Sworn Enemies by Carol Matas. Set in Czarist Russia in 1851, this novel addresses the issue of forced conscription into the army.

Nettie’s Journey by Adele DueckAn old woman tells her granddaughter the story of her life in a Mennonite village in Ukraine – from the dangers of World War I and the Russian Revolution to their escape to Canada.

Rachel’s Secret by Shelly Sanders. Rachel, a Jew, and Sergei, a Christian, find their worlds torn apart by violence in pre-revolutionary Russia.

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Schooldays Around the World (available 2015)  by Margriet Ruurs. (picture book) A school in Kazakhstan is featured.

Thanks to Gillian O’Reilly for suggesting these books:

Out of Line: Growing up Soviet by Tina Grimberg. (Non-fiction) Memories of life behind the Iron Curtain in Kiev.

One More Border: The true story of one family’s escape from war-torn Europe by William Kaplan and Shelley Tanaka, illustrations by Stephen Taylor. (Non-fiction) Lithuanian Jews escape the Holocaust.

Four Steps to Death by John Wilson. Set during the battle of Stalingrad.

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